17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 708
Session: [E-POSTER] E-Poster session ECSS Malmö 2015: 24.06. - 27.06.2015
Lecture room: E-Poster screens
Date & time: 24.06.2015 / -
Title of the paper: Eye Movement of a fleuret player in Fencing
Authors: Satoshi, M., Masanori, T.
Institution: Graduate School of Literature and Social Sciences Nihon University
Department: Department of Physical Education
Country: Japan
Abstract text Introduction Since unskilled fencing player tends to lose point by handling error against fente movement (lunging movement), this movement might be greatly involved with obtaining points (Wada et al., 2007). In a real game, an appropriate response against marche fente movement leads to prevention of losing point. To do so, since it is inevitable to predict marche fente movement (fente movement forward by step) by opponent as early as possible, searching player’s visual search strategy as cognitive skill related to prediction seem to be important to develop competition skill. Accordingly, this study aims to investigate an effective visual search strategy for fencing by comparing separated competition level. Method Fourteen subjects participated in the study. Referring to their match result in Japan, they were classified into two groups, upper and lower. In the experiment, assuming a real game, we set up a scene in which an opponent player strikes with his/her marche fente movement on the piste. In the experiment, using measuring instrument for eye movement, TalkEye Lite (TKK2950), we recorded their eye movements. We conducted 4 sets (5 trials/set). After the experiment, we received reflective reports related to subject’s visual information through questionnaire on the paper. Result Two-factor variance (level factor and phase factor) analysis of the result on the subject’s gaze duration revealed that there was significant interaction. The gaze duration for 1st, 2nd and 3rd phases for upper group, and time for 1st and 3rd phases for lower group are longer than that for 4th phase, respectively. Moreover, gaze duration for 2nd phase for upper group was significantly longer than that for lower group. Likewise others, for the number of gaze, there was significant interaction. The number of gaze for 2nd phase for upper group was significantly longer than that for 1st phase, and that the number of gaze for 2nd phases for lower group was significantly longer than that for 4th phase. For the number of attentive object, there was no significant interaction. Test subjects of upper group consistently watched the area of face or shoulder, whereas many of the subjects belonging to the lower group tended to shift their gaze from arm-area toward the point of sword with the progress of phase. Many of the test subjects of upper group reported reflectively that their attentive position got into line with attentive action. Discussion Examination of visual search strategy by fencing player revealed that the player with the higher level spent longer gaze duration, and had more number of gazes, which indicated that there was a lot of acquired information. Moreover, since there was difference between gaze duration and number of gaze in particular in the 2nd phase, important visual information may exist in this phase. Contact mattun3104@gmail.com
Topic: Psychology
Keyword I: Fencing
Keyword II: Eye Movement
Keyword III: Marche Fente Movement