17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 646
Session: [MO-PM15] Health & Fitness: Mixed session
Lecture room: Kuben
Date & time: 25.06.2015 / -
Title of the paper: THE ROLE OF THE AFRICAN SWIMMING FEDERATIONS IN THE PROMOTION OF HEALTH: PROTECTION OF THE ATHLETE’S HEALTH AND PROMOTION OF SWIMMING FOR HEALTH OF THE GENERAL POPULATION.
Authors: Perez Diaz, C., Cruz-Márquez, J.C.
Institution: University of Granada
Department: Sport Science
Country: Spain
Abstract text Introduction: Over the last 5 years, international sport federations (IF), non-governmental organisations (NGO), and the United Nations (UN) have become more active and interested in the promotion of health though sport. Some IFs, such as FIFA and FINA have created “sport for all” programmes aimed at increasing general participation. The study “The role of International Sport Federations in the protection of the athlete’s health and promotion of sport for health of the general population“(Mountjoy M, Junge A, 2013), showed that IFs aimed to protect the health of their elite athletes through various activities; however not all the IFs were involved in “sport for all” but focused more on elite athletes. The study “Competing with injuries: injuries prior to and during the 15th FINA World Championships 2013 (aquatics) (Mountjoy M, Junge A, Benjamen S, et al. 2014 ) concluded that there a specific need for out–of- competition research. Methods As part of the study a survey was circulated by email and also in person (at the FINA Swimming World Championships 2014 (25m) / FINA Aquatics Convention in Doha) to all the FINA national swimming federations. Specific information was requested in relation to the following: Statistical information on membership, Medical Structure and facilities, Health Promotion activities, guidelines, Health regulations and directives, Development or implementation of any policies. The response rate in Africa was 62% (32 of the 51 African NFs replied). The multi-lingual survey was answered by the appropriate health representative or designated person of each NF. Results The responses indicate that for 41% of the African NFs one of their top priority objectives is to increase the number of elite athletes. For 50%, the top performance of their elite athletes is top priority, while 31% rank the health of elite athletes as a top priority. The results in relation to the general population show a lot of room for improvement; just 6% of the African NFs considers the health of the general population a priority for them. Discussion The analysis of the results obtained shows that there is a lack of awareness about using swimming as a health promotion tool in Africa. African NFs face significant barriers/ challenges; therefore health promotion is not a top priority for them. Swimming is not ranked as a top sport in African countries. Therefore is not considered or used a method of health promotion as much as it is in other developed countries. Conclusion The responses indicate that health promotion is not a priority in African NFs. References: Mountjoy M, Junge A, Alonso JM, et al. Sports injuries & illnesses in the 2009 FINA World Aquatic Championships. Br J Sports Med 2010;44:522–7. Mountjoy M, Junge A, Benjamen S, et al. 2014. Competing with injuries: injuries prior to and during the 15th FINA World Championships 2013 (aquatics). Br J Sports Med 2014;0:1–8. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2014-093991. Steffen K, Soligard T, Engebretsen L. Health protection of the Olympic athlete. Br J Sports Med 2012;46:466–70.
Topic: Health and Fitness
Keyword I: Health Promotion
Keyword II: Swimming Federations
Keyword III: Africa