17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 610
Session: [OP-SH08] Psychology (Challenges within Sport Psychology I)
Lecture room: Live 2
Date & time: 26.06.2015 / -
Title of the paper: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUNKARD IMAGES, PERCEPTION OF BMI AND PERCEPTION OF SELF-CONCEPT IN SPANISH ADOLESCENTS
Authors: SANCHEZ, P.A., PULIDO, J.J., CHAMORRO, J.L., SÁNCHEZ-OLIVA, D., AMADO, D., GONZÁLEZ-PONCE, I., LEO, F.M. and GARCÍA-CALVO, T.
Institution: UNIVERSITY OF EXTREMADURA
Department: DIDACTICS OF MUSICAL, PLASTIC AND CORPORAL EXPRESSION
Country: Spain
Abstract text Introduction The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between a subjective assessment Body Mass Index (BMI), a perception of the body image with Stunkard figure Rating Scale, as well as perception of self-concept in youth scholars from Extremadura (Spain). Methods The sample was formed by 2061 youth scholars from Extremadura (Spain), both males (N = 1038) and female (N = 1023), ranging in age from 15 to 17 years old (M = 15.68; SD = 0.94), belonged to different High Schools from Extremadura (Spain). Participants were measure through perception of height and weight, and were asked to select the figure that best resembled their current body size on the Stunkard´s figure rating scale. Finally, the adaptation into Spanish by Moreno & Cervelló (2005) of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (Fox & Corbin, 1989) was used to measure perception of self-concept. Results The outcomes revealed normal values in perception of BMI in participants (BMI = 20.65), and Stunkard figure rating Scale. Moreover, results showed a significant relationship between perception of BMI, Stunkard´s current body size and perception of self-concept. In accordance to this aspect, self-concept emerged as a strong predictor of estimated physical dissatisfaction. Discussion The results showed the importance and incidence of body size and body status in order to have a good perception of self-concept. Moreover, the results emphasized the necessity to measure perception of body mass index in great samples in adolescents. On the other hand, these outcomes highlighted the importance to have an adequate body status in order to improve psychological factors, mainly in adolescents’ ages. Finally, the study concluded that current body size is a potentially useful indicator to measure weight status of adolescents. Further investigations are needed to enhance the knowledge about these relationships between perception of BMI, body dissatisfaction and self-concept. References Fox KR, Corbin CB. (1989). J Sports Exe Psy, 11, 408-430. Lo WS, Ho SY, Mak KK, La TH. (2012). PLoS ONE, 7(11). e 50017. Moreno JA, Cervelló E. (2005). J Hum Mov Stud, 48, 291-311. Pallan MJ, Hiam, LC, Duda, JL, Adab, P. (2011). BMC Public Health, 11, 21.
Topic: Psychology
Keyword I: Stunkard Images
Keyword II: BMI
Keyword III: Self-concept