17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 589
Session: [MO-PM61] HF Ageing Cognitive
Lecture room: E107
Date & time: 04.07.2014 / 15:00 - 16:00
Title of the paper: Relationship Between the performance of functional fitness and global cognitive function in the community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan.
Authors: Yang, S.Y., Hou, M.T., Chen, J.J.
Institution: Institution of physical therapy and assistive technology
Department: Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology
Country: Taiwan
Abstract text Objective:Aging rate increases every year in Taiwan. There are many people suffering from dementia also increased year by year. The burden of the care for people with dementia, regardless of society, family, the medical units offering care service and economic are continued to increase and the considerable. Thus, we have to must pay more attention to prevent rather than treat. So the first purpose of this study was to understand the status of the functional fitness and the cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan. The second one was to disclose the relationship between the performance of functional fitness and global cognitive function. Apart from this, it can be used to predict the risk of decline in cognitive function, and as a reference for exercise intervention model for further study. Method:The N=130 were recruited from Taipei City and Changhua County. All participants need to complete the Montreal Cognitive Assessment - Taiwan version (MoCA-T) and the Senior functional fitness test. Used SPSS 17.0 version to conduct the statistical analysis. Result:N=123 in this study, the average age was 70.34 Ī 6.47 y/o. Functional fitness - Age groups showed that, poorer functional fitness performance in older group (30s chair stand up and sit【p = .005】, Chair sit and reach(Rít)【p=.002】, Chair sit and reach(Lít)【p=.001】, 30 s one leg standing(Rít)【p<.001】, 30 s one leg standing(Lít)【p<.001】, 8 feet time up and go【p=.001】,2min steps【p=.004】,among the three groups were significant difference). Functional fitness - cognitive function groups showed that, the poor cognitive function group indicated poorer functional fitness performance(30s chair stand up and sit【p = .000】, arm curls(Rít) 【p = .002】, Chair sit and reach(Rít)【p=.017】, Chair sit and reach(Lít)【p=.009】, Back grasps(Lít)【p=.033】, 30 s one leg standing(Rít)【p=.001】, 30 s one leg standing(Lít)【p=.008】, 8 feet time up and go【p=.000】,2min steps【p=.000】were statistically significant difference ). Pearson correlation showed that, cognitive function had moderate correlation with 30s chair stand up and sit, 8 feet time up and go and 2min steps test(Coefficient: 0.408, -0.480,0.402). Regression analysis indicated that, functional fitness could explain 30.1% variability of global cognitive function. In all predict variable, only 8 feet time up and go test had predictive power【p=.003】. Conclusion:Whether the functional fitness or cognitive function, it demonstrated that the older the worse performance in older population in Taiwan. In addition, the poorer cognitive function elderly indicated the worse performance of all functional fitness. Which indicated among the age, functional fitness and cognitive function may have interaction. On the other hand, the results showed the 8 feet time up and go test can be used as a factor to predict cognitive changes. The 8 feet time up and go is kind of the integrated skills, it able to have powerful affect on global cognitive function. This result can be used as a reference for exercise intervention model in the further exploration.
Topic: Health and Fitness
Keyword I: cognitive function
Keyword II: functional fitness
Keyword III: older adults