17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 588
Session: [OP-SH09] Psychology: Behavior & Social Support
Lecture room: L1
Date & time: 07.07.2016 / -
Title of the paper: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RECEIVED SUPPORT IN SPORT
Authors: Fu, D., Hase, A., Freeman, P.
Institution: Centre for Sports and Exercise Science
Department: Biological Sciences
Country: United Kingdom
Abstract text Introduction The presence of supportive relationships is crucial in health and sporting contexts. Paradoxically, the actual receipt of supportive behaviours from these relationships is sometimes ineffective or even detrimental. One explanation for this is that the amount of support individuals receive should meet what they want. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether the interaction of wanted and received support influenced psychological and performance outcomes. Methods A convenience sample of 226 university students who were novice golfers completed a questionnaire assessing how much support they would want prior to a golf-putting task. Participants who wanted high levels of support (n = 44) and those who wanted low levels of support (n = 44) were randomly assigned to receive either a support manipulation or control group, before completing measures of self-confidence and affect, and executing 10 golf putts. Results A 2 (wanted support: high, low) by 2 (manipulation: support, control) between-subjects ANCOVA (controlling for gender) was conducted. Significant interactions of wanted support and received support were only found on psychological outcomes (self-confidence: F1, 83 = 39.15, p < .001, ηp2 = .32; positive affect: F1, 83 = 1542.02, p < .001, ηp2 = .35; negative affect: F1, 83 = 10.60, p < .005, ηp2 = .11), but not performance (mean distance: F1, 83 = .80, p = .38, ηp2 = .01). Following the significant interactions on psychological outcomes, simple contrasts were conducted using the low wanted, control group as the reference condition. Participants in the low wanted, support condition reported similar confidence and affect to those in the reference condition. In contrast, participants in the high wanted, control condition reported less favourable confidence and affect than those in the reference condition. Finally, participants in the high wanted, support group reported higher confidence and positive affect (not negative affect) than those in the reference condition. Discussion The findings highlight that the effects on psychological outcomes of received support are contingent on the support athletesí actually want. Individuals who wanted but did not receive support experienced poorer psychological outcomes. In contrast, individuals who wanted and received support experienced more favourable psychological outcomes. Overall the findings emphasise that the effectiveness of received support was particularly salient for those who wanted high levels of support, and athletesí support networks should be mindful to meet athletesí support needs. Contact Di Fu: dfua@essex.ac.uk
Topic: Psychology
Keyword I: received support
Keyword II: wanted support
Keyword III: psychological outcomes