Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012
||[OP-PM57] Health & Fitness: Children I
Date & time:
||26.06.2015 / -
|Title of the paper:
IMPACT OF LIVING AREA ON ANTHROPOMETRIC AND PHYSICAL FITNESS PARAMETERS AMONG 15-YEAR-OLD ADOLESCENTS IN KOSOVO
||Tishukaj, F.1,2, Shalaj, I.1,2, Gjaka, M.3, Tschan, H.1, Bachl, N.1, Wessner, B.1
||1: (University of Vienna, Austria), 2: (University of Pristina, Kosovo), 3: (University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy)
||Faculty of Physical Education and Sports
Overweight and obesity have been increasing systematically over the past decades and physical fitness values on the other hand have been decreasing (1). However, in low- and middle-income countries we observe the co-occurrence of over- and under-nutrition at the same time – a phenomenon that has been termed the ‘dual burden’ (2). In addition, it is discussed whether the urban-rural environment is a facilitating factor for developing obesity and low physical fitness levels (3,4). The aim of the current study was to test for the impact of the living area on body composition and physical fitness parameters among 15-year-old adolescents in Kosovo.
Three-hundred fifty-four subjects (55% boys, 46% girls; mean age: 14.6 ± 0.4 participated in the current cross-sectional study conducted in 2014. Out of the total sample, 39% of the participants were living in a rural environment and 61% in an urban area (Pristina) in Kosovo. Anthropometric parameters including skinfold measurement and physical fitness levels (handgrip strength, sit and reach, standing long jump, countermovement jump, medicine ball throw, 10-m, 20-m sprints and multistage fitness test) were tested. A two-factorial ANOVA (sex, area of living) was used to test for differences between groups.
The prevalence for underweight was 13.8%, normal weight 61.9% and 24.3% for overweight adolescents respectively. Living area had no impact on anthropometric variables (p>0.05). Differences in physical fitness tests were observed only in medicine ball throw (p<0.001) with urban living adolescents performing better, whilst contrary 10-m (p=0.012), and 20-m (p=0.035) sprint test were executed faster by rural counterparts.
Similar to another study in low-income countries (5) we observed a high incidence of both, under- and overweight in Kosovarian adolescents while rural or urban environment had no influence on anthropometric variables and only a modest and controversial impact on physical fitness. The reasons for these findings remain speculative and may rely on socioeconomic conditions, access to sports facilities, and differences in general lifestyle behavior (6).
(1) Ng M et al., Lancet. 2014;384(9945):766-81
(2) Popkin BM & Slining MM. Obes Rev. 2013; 14 Suppl 2:11-20
(3) Albarwani S et al., Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2009;7(4):369-74
(4) Lutfyyia MN et al., Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007; 15(9):2348-56
(5) Jaacks LM et al., Pediatr Obes. 2015 Jan 5. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12000
(6) Davison KK & Lawson CT. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006 Jul 27;3:19
||Health and Fitness
||rural and urban environment