Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012
||[OP-PM43] Training & Testing: Teamsport I
||High Live 3
Date & time:
||26.06.2015 / -
|Title of the paper:
ARE PHYSIOLOGICAL ABILITIES OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS POSITION SPECIFIC?
||University of Hamburg
||Institute for Sports and Exercise Medicine
Soccer position-specific indices of physiological abilities of professional soccer players are seldom reported in the literature. These are especially evident when identifying new soccer player talent, training regimen, and player tactics (1,2,3).
We developed a standardized test protocol as results of observations of professional soccer team of the second German soccer division over 5 consecutive soccer seasons [Goalie G (n=9), Defense D (n=26), Mid-field MF (n=29) and Forward F (n=13)]. We measured sprint times (5m and 30m), counter movement jump (CMJ), the endurance (individual anaerobic threshold, IAT) in the field as well as strength and power measurements relative to their body weight in selected tests. The tests were administered before the start of the soccer season in July.
The results indicated condition-specific indices of the second German soccer division players (mean±SD) and identified differences in position-specific indices [CMJ (cm): G 39.1±3.6∆; D 42.3±3.8; MF 42.0±5.0; F 43.3±3.1∆ / Sprint (s): G 4.3±0.1#∆; D 4.1±0.2#; MF 4.0±0.2; F 4.0±0.1∆ / Squat (kg/kgKG): G 1.3±0.1#∆; D 1.6±0.2*#; MF1.4±0.2*; F 1.5±0.3∆ / Body fat: G 13.3±2.1#X; D 10.1±1.6*#+; MF 11.6±2.7*X; F 12.5±2.6+].
*significant between D & MF; +significant between D & FP; #significant between D & G; ≠significant between MF & FP, X significant between MF & G; ∆ significant between FP & G.
The results of our study revealed significant differences in physiological abilities depending on assigned soccer game position. The designed test protocol suggests that position-specific and physiological tests may serve in identifying indices that could be useful in constructed soccer specific training, game specific positions, and competition.
1. Bloomfield J, Polman R, O`Donoghue P (2007). J Sports Sci Med 6, 63-70.
2. Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero FJ, Bachl N, Pigozzi F (2007). Int J Sports Med 28, 222-27.
3. Lago-Penas C, Casais L, Dellal A, Rey E, Dominguez E (2011). J Strength Cond Res 25, 3358-67.
||Training and Testing