17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1496
Session: [EP-UD01] E-poster undebated
Lecture room: On screens
Date & time: 02.07.2014 / -
Title of the paper: INTERNAL TRAINING LOAD OF RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS ATHLETES.
Authors: Antualpa, K.1, Schiavon, L.2, Arruda, A.1, Fernandes, S.1, Moreira, A.1
Institution: 1:USP - São Paulo's University (São Paulo, Brasil), 2:UNESP Rio Claro (Rio Claro, Brasil)
Department:
Country: Brazil
Abstract text Introduction The ability for coaches to monitor training load is essential to optimize the process of training. Internal training load (ITL) has been suggested to be an efficacious method for monitoring athlete’s response to a training dose (Impellizzeri et al., 2004). Indeed, session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) was proposed as a useful, noninvasive, and valid method for monitoring ITL (Wallace et al., 2009). However, there have been few data about the ITL periodization in Rhythmic gymnastics athletes. The aim of this study was to describe the ITL of gymnastics rhythmic athletes via sRPE during an 8-week training period. Methods Twenty-seven female rhythmic gymnastics athletes subdivided in two groups (G1: n=18, 10.7±1.0 yrs; G2: n=9, 14.1±2.2 yrs) participated. Athletes completed 4 (G1) or 5 (G2) training sessions per week (~14 and 18 training h/week, respectively). The ITL for each session was calculated using the sRPE (CR-10 scale) which was collected 30 min after each training or competitive session. To determine the ITL, the product of session duration (min) and sRPE score rated by the athletes was used. Data are reported as means ± SD. The assumptions of normality and homoscedasticity were verified. A Mixed Model for repeated measurement was applied. The level of significance was set at 5% (p < 0.05). Results Higher mean ITL values were verified for G2 compared to G1 (4460±812 AU vs. 2248±682 AU). There was an interaction effect (Week*Group), and higher values were observed for weeks with competitions (weeks 3, 7 and 8 for G2, and 3 and 8 for G1) compared to weeks without competitions. Discussion The present results suggest that the ITL assessed by means of sRPE method is a useful and sensitivity tool for monitoring training of gymnastics rhythmic athletes. The higher training volume performed by G2 compared to G1 seems to have a key role in elevating the ITL. Indeed, higher ITL values could be expected during weeks with official competitions. These results could be taken into account by coaches when planning and monitoring training. References Coutts AJ, Rampinini E, Marcora S, Castagna C, Impellizzeri F. (2009). J Sci Med Sport. 12(1), 79-84. Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Coutts AJ, Sassi A, Marcora SM. (2004). Med Sci Sports Exerc. 36(6), 1042-1047. Robertson RJ, Goss FL., Boer NF., et al. (2000). Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 32:452–458. Wallace LK, Slattery, KM, & Coutts, AJ. (2009). J Strength Cond Res. 23: 33-38. Contact kizzyantualpa@gmail.com
Topic: Training and Testing
Keyword I: internal training load
Keyword II: session ratings of perceived exertion
Keyword III: rhythmic gymnastic