17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1390
Session: [MO-PM42] Training and Testing: Interval training, Time trial
Lecture room: Live 2
Date & time: 26.06.2015 / -
Authors: Zakharova, A., Tarbeeva, N.
Institution: Urals Federal University
Department: Physical Education, Sports and Youth Policy
Country: Russia
Abstract text Introduction To design the training program for experienced athlete or to improve it we need to evaluate athlete. As a rule it takes a whole training session or more to obtain the complex athlete test information. Earlier we investigated the diagnostic possibilities of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for the assessment of skiers special readiness [Shishkina et al., 2014] and were satisfied with the experimental results. The aim of new experiment was to adapt HIITesting to other kinds of sport (football, volleyball, ice hockey, etc) and to fulfill the test in field (not in laboratory) conditions. Methods Athletes performed HIITraining (Tabata Protocol) of 8 sets of 20-second interval with an “all-out” effort separated by 10 seconds of passive recovery [Tabata et al., 1996]. Heart rate (HR) monitoring with GPS (Forunner 310XT) was used to measure the distance length covered in each intensive bout in case of outdoor activity. Blood lactate and HR recovery were measured after test. For selection of HIITest activity for experienced athletes we take into account the essential competitive activity, so football players and middle distance runners did run whereas hockey players used shuttle skating. Results For analyzing the athlete conditioning we use following indicators: the best result among 8 intervals, the lowest one, the amount of 8 results as well as the speed of results decreasing in the early beginning and in the middle of the test. For example, the following distance results were obtained in hockey: 146-130-111-120-121-116-109-107. Discussion The comparison and ranking of the first distance results of all athletes of one kind of sport reveal the winner in speed and/or power while champion in 8 distances amount shows the desirable level of specific endurance. The bar chat of HIITest results assists to determine the athletes’ weaknesses and motivate athlete to work harder for speed endurance in case of dramatically decrease in the first three results or to improve aerobic workability in case of uneven last three results. HR monitoring allows to determine the cardio related reasons of low athletes’ results in HIITest and evaluate the cardiac “cost” of intensive physical load. Lactate measuring also help us with assessing how well-conditioned athlete is at a specific point in time or how intensive was his work during test. Thus, HIITest can be used as a specific strength and conditioning test for experienced athletes in order to lead them to an optimal performance. Test may be informative in many kinds of sport. References Tabata I, Nishimura K, Kouzaki M, Hirai Y, Ogita F, Miyachi M, Yamamoto K. (1996). Med Sci Sports Exerc. Oct;28(10):1327-30. Shishkina A, Tarbeeva N., Tarbeeva A. (2014). Cross-country skiing: special power+endurance HIIT- testing. ECSS: Book of Abstracts of the 19th Annual Congress of ECSS, Amsterdam. p.188. Contact sport_tsp@mail.ru
Topic: Training and Testing
Keyword I: high intensity interval training
Keyword II: sport testing
Keyword III: conditioning