17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1321
Session: [OP-BN05] Balance & Training
Lecture room: Forum
Date & time: 03.07.2014 / 18:00 - 19:30
Title of the paper: Trunk muscle endurance and low back pain in contemporary dance students
Authors: Swain, C., Redding, E.
Institution: Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance
Department: Dance Science
Country: United Kingdom
Abstract text Trunk muscle endurance and low back pain in contemporary dance students Introduction Low back pain (LBP) is often cited as a common condition in all levels of dance. Evidence suggests that reduced endurance of the trunk muscles can predispose an individual to LBP. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in trunk muscle endurance in a sample of contemporary dance students with and without LBP. Methods Fifteen full-time dance students were divided into four groups: females with LBP (n=6), females without LBP (n=4), males with LBP (n=2), and males without LBP (n=3). All participants provided informed consent, and the study was approved by an institutional ethics review board. Participants performed four isometric tests that assess trunk muscle endurance: the right and left side plank (McGill et al., 1999), double straight leg raise (Arab et al., 2007), and the Sorensen test (Biering-Sorensen, 1984). A modified version of the Osaka City University test (Kazunori et al., 2004) was used to assess the presence of LBP. Results A significant difference (p<0.05) between female dance students with and without LBP was observed in the left side plank. No other significant differences were found. Discussion This study offers some evidence that reduced trunk muscle endurance is present among dancers with LBP, and provides direction for future research into back health among dancers and other athletic populations. References Arab AM, Salavati M, Ebrahami I, Ebrahim Mousavi M. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the clinical trunk muscle endurance tests in low back pain. Clin Rehabil. 2007;21(7):640-647. Biering-Sorensen F. Physical measurements as risk indicators for low-back trouble over a one-year period. Spine. 1984;9(2):106-119. Kazunori I, Nakazato K, Irie K, et al. Trunk muscle strength and disability level of low back pain in collegiate wrestlers. Med Sci Sports Ex. 2004;36(8):1296-1300. McGill S, Childs A, Liebenson C. Endurance times for low back stabilisation exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database. Arch Phys Mel Rehabil. 1999;80(8):941-43.
Topic: Rehabilitation
Keyword I: Low back pain
Keyword II: dance
Keyword III: trunk muscles