17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1321
Session: [OP-BN05] Balance & Training
Lecture room: Forum
Date & time: 03.07.2014 / 18:00 - 19:30
Title of the paper: STATIC BALANCE, HAND GRIP STRENGTH, AND FLEXIBILITY IN OLDER ADULTS, ARE THERE ANY SEX DIFFERENCES?
Authors: Lohne Seiler, H.1,2, Hansen, B.H.2, Anderssen, S.A.2
Institution: 1University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway, 2Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
Department: 1Faculty of Health and Sport Science, 2Department of Sports Medicine
Country: Norway
Abstract text Do not insert authors here Introduction Good musculoskeletal fitness is critical for older adults` capability to perform physical activity, which is of great importance to overcome daily life activities and seem to have a protective effect on functional limitations. However, there is limited data on population levels of musculoskeletal fitness among older men and women using objective assessment methods. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess balance, muscle strength and flexibility in a national sample of older adults, and examine whether there was any sex differences. Methods The present study is a part of a national multicenter study in Norway. Participants for the initial study were randomly selected, and the current study includes those of the initial sample aged 65-85 y. 162 older adults (85 women and 77 men) were included. Static balance was registered as the total number of sec the participants managed to keep the balancing position on one leg (one leg standing=OLS), muscle strength was registered as the best of three attempts (kg) using a dynamometer (hand grip=HG), and flexibility of lower back and hamstrings musculature was registered in number of cm the participants managed to lean forward atop of a box (sit and reach=SR). Independent sample t-test was used to assess differences between women and men. Results Mean age (SD) was 71.9 (5.7) y for women and 71.8 (5.3) y for men. No sex differences in OLS were observed: 18.6 (19.0) and 20.5 (19.8) sec, respectively. Significant differences in HG (SD) were found between women and men: 25.6 (6.0) and 42.4 (10.5) kg (<0.001), respectively. Significant differences were also found in SR between women and men: 20.5 (10.3) and 13.4 (10.8) cm (p<0.001), respectively. Discussion Norwegian older adults seem to have better grip strength and balance compared to others (Budziareck et al., 2008; Briggs et al., 1989). Otherwise, our results based on sex differences are in agreement with comparable studies (Gusi et al., 2012). In conclusion, Norwegian older men have significant better grip strength compared to women at the same age. On the other hand, Norwegian older women have significant better flexibility compared to their counterpart men. Regarding balance, no significant sex differences were observed. References Briggs RC, Gossmann MR, Birch R, Drews JE, Shaddeau SA. Balance performance among non-institutionalized elderly women. Phys Ther 1989; 69: 748-756. Budziareck MB, Pureza Duarte RR, Barbosa-Silva MC. Reference values and determinants for handgrip strength in healthy subjects. Clin Nutr. 2008; 27: 357-362. Gusi N, Prieto J, Olivares PR, Delgado S, Quesada F, Cebrián C. Normative fitness performance scores of community-dwelling older adults in Spain. Aging Phys Act. 2012; 20:106-26. hilde.l.seiler@uia.no
Topic: Health and Fitness
Keyword I: national sample
Keyword II: older adults
Keyword III: musculoskeletal fitness