17th Annual ECSS-Congress, Bruges 2012

Abstract details

Abstract-ID: 1124
Session: [MO-PM27] TT General
Lecture room: E103
Date & time: 03.07.2014 / 14:00 - 15:00
Authors: Moustogiannis, A., Theos, A., Lafkas, A., Savvadi, A., Maridaki, M.
Institution: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Department: Physical Education and Sport Science
Country: Greece
Abstract text Introduction Physical (strength, flexibility) and anthropometric (body height, body weight) factors seem to influence performance in gymnastics. In particular, performance in gymnastics depends on the ability to produce maximal power which, in turn, is influenced by maximal strength, balance and flexibility. The purpose of the present study was to investigate differences in physical characteristics of recreational female gymnasts after one-year training period. Methods Eighty six amateur female gymnasts participated in this study. Measurements of flexibility (sit and reach), lower limbs strength (squat jump), wrist strength (handgrip) of both hands and agility (agility T-Test) were first performed at the age of 9.0 ± 1.9 yrs and repeated one year later. Differences between the repeated measurements were analyzed using student’s T-test. Results are presented as mean ± SD. Results No significant differences were observed in body mass and body height (mass: 30.0 ± 7.9 kg vs. 33.2 ± 9kg, height: 130.3 ± 12.6 cm vs. 135.4 ±13.1 cm), while body mass index (BMI) differed significantly (17.2 ± 2.2 vs. 17.6 ± 2.6 kg/m2; p<0.05) between the repeated measurements. Agility (16.5 ± 5.3 vs. 15.5 ± 2 sec, p<0.05) and flexibility (26.7 ± 5.4 vs. 28.2 ± 4.7 cm, p<0.05) also differed significantly between the two measurements. Similarly, lower limb strength (25.1 ± 7.9 vs. 27.3 ± 6.3 cm, p<0.05) as well as wrist strength in both hands was significantly increased in the second measurement (right hand: 6.4 ± 4.8 vs. 9.9 ± 5.3 kg, p<0.05; left hand: 6 ± 4.3 vs. 9 ± 4.7 kg, p<0.05). Discussion The findings of the present study indicate that gymnastics training has a significant impact on all the physical parameters measured and promotes their symmetrical development in young female children followed a gymnast training. References Cagnoa A.D, Baldari C, Battaglia C, Monteiro M.D, Pappalardo A, Piazza M, Guidetti L. (2009). J Sci Med Sport, 12, 411-416. Dallas G, Kirialanis P. (2013). SCI GYMNASTICS J, 2: 67 – 77. Contact: moustogi@gmail.com
Topic: Training and Testing
Keyword I: Strength
Keyword II: Flexibility
Keyword III: Agility